As of last year, Cannabidiol (CBD) is legal to possess, buy and sell in the UK, providing the product contains no more than 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
In January 2019, the UK Food Standards Agency said that it would class CBD products as a “novel food”. This means that products such as CBD flowers would need to have been proven safe before being marketed.
What is CBD and where does it come from?
Cannabis is made of cannabinoids. These are chemicals which have different impacts on the body, and individual cannabinoids are concentrated to different extents in certain parts of the plant.
CBD is one of 113 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Clinical research on CBD has included studies on anxiety, cognition, movement disorders and pain. CBD can be extracted from cannabis plants.
Is CBD legal?
Almost all cannabinoids are controlled substances under the Misuse of Drugs Act. CBD, however, is not: the Home Office says that CBD products must only contain traces of THC, which is the chemical that affects psychoactivity and gets its user “high”.
Cannabis is placed under Schedule 1 of the Misuse of the Drugs Regulations Act 2001, which is the category for substances with no medicinal value. However, this is under review.